Virology & Immunology Journal (VIJ)

ISSN: 2577-4379

Editors

Roger M Loria

Virginia Commonwealth University

United States

Eugene A Permyakov

Institute for Biological Instrumentation of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Russia

O Shawn Cupp

Kansas State University

USA

Venkata Raghavendra Rao Morusupalli

Avalon University school of Medicine

Curacao

Alfio Ferlito

Udine University Faculty of Medicine

Italy

Ugo Rovigatti

University of Florence

Italy

Ahmet Arslan

Namık Kemal University

Turkey

Chit Laa Poh

Sunway University

Malaysia

Hsu Shan Huang

Taipei Medical University

Taiwan

Khue Vu Nguyen

University of California

USA

Jay Kalra

University of Saskatchewan

Canada

Shinya Shimada

Kumamoto General Hospital

Japan

Ghalib Alkhatib

McGill University

Canada

Nafees Ahmad

Arizona Health Sciences Center

USA

Alireza Heidari

California South University

USA

Zheng Yu Wang

UAB-School of Medicine

USA

Yusuf Tutar

University of Health Sciences

Turkey

Peter L Nara

Biological Mimetics Maryland

USA

Eugene A Silow

Irkutsk State University

Russia

Ying Fu Chen

Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital

Taiwan

Sadeq Hasan Mousa AL Shimaysawee

University of Kufa

Iraq

Bo Jin

The 309th Hospital of the People's Liberation Army

China

Changtai Zhu

Shanghai Sixth People’s Hospital

China

Mohd Nazil Salleh

Universiti Selangor

Malaysia

Vural Fidan

Yunus Emre Government Hospital

Turkey

M Serdal Sevinc

Healthy Environment and Consumer Safety Bureau

Canada

Sudhakar Voruganti

Bristol Myers Squibb

USA

Obeagu Emmanuel Ifeanyi

Michael Okpara University of Agriculture

Nigeria

Michael C Hanna

University of Texas at San Antonio

USA

Suresh K Mittal

Purdue University

USA

Mustafa Metin Donma

Namik Kemal University

Turkey

Mamdouh Mohamed Mansour El Bahnasawy

Military Medical Academy

Egypt

Nicolas Padilla Raygoza

University of Guanajuato

Mexico

Noah Isakov

Ben Gurion University of the Negev

Israel

Ronald B Moss

Ansun Biopharma

USA

Girja Shanker Shukla

University of Vermont

USA

Oner ozdemir

Sakarya University

Turkey

Miao Xiangyang

Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences

China

Magdalena Valsikova

Slovak University of Agriculrure in Nitra

Slovakia

Idress Hamad Attitalla

Omar Al Mukhtar University

Libya

Hung Jen Liu

National Chung Hsing University

Taiwan

Mooahamd Ropaning Sulong

Universiti Selangor

Malaysia

Ngin Cin Khai

Monash University

Malaysia

Nicolic Dragan M

University of Belgrade

Serbia

Celso Vladimiro Ferreira de Abreu Cunha

Nova University

Portugal

Dumrul Gulen

Namik Kemal University School of Medicine

Turkey

Wanhong Liu

Wuhan University

China

Jiangwen Zhang

University of Hong Kong

china

Ritah Nakayinga

Kyambogo University

Uganda

Al Kassaa Imad

Lebanese University

Lebanon

Ahmed Sayed Abdel Moneim

Taif University

Saudi Arabia

Mohammed Alhadi Ebrahiem Mahmoud Altahir

University of Kordofan

Sudan

Christodoulos Monastiriotis

Democritus University of Thrace

Greece

Layla Y Kamareddine

Harvard Medical School

USA

Dragomir Lukac

John Naisbitt University Belgrade

Serbia

Liping Li

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

USA

Foluso Oluwagbemiga Osunsanmi

University of Zululand

South Africa

Adiratna Mat Ripen

Institute for Medical Research

Malaysia

Rama Bhat P

Alva’s College

India

Kirill Sharshov

Russian Academy of Sciences

Russia

Aneela Javed

National University of Sciences and Technology

Pakistan

Nermeen Mohamed Bahi El Deen El Shaffie

National Research Center

Egypt

Mumtesh Kumar Saxena

G B Pant University of Agriculture & Technology

India

Fatma Aykut Tonk

Ege University

Turkey

Rebekah Juniati Setiabudi

Airlangga University

Indonesia

Ilker Ates

Ankara University

Turkey

Alaa Eldin Abdel Mouty Mohamed Eissa

Cairo University

Egypt

Raad Abdulabass Hamza Al Harmoosh

University of kufa

Iraq

Pramod Kumar Yadava

Jawaharlal Nehru University

India

Naile Esra Saka

Namık Kemal University

Turkey

Brian Wigdahl

Drexel University

USA

David Nadeba Bukbuk

University of Maiduguri

Nigeria

Eliton da Silva Vasconcelos

Federal University of São Carlos

Brazil

A Jeyasankar

Govt Arts College

India

Fatemeh Farshadpour

Bushehr University

Iran

Rehmat Shah

Government Moulvi Ameer Shah Memorial Hospital

Pakistan

Tarun Kumar De

University of Calcutta

India

Iskra Ventseslavova Sainova

Medical University

Bulgaria

Zefang Wang

Tianjin University

China

Lucia Tri Suwanti

Airlangga University

Indonesia

Mohamed Abdelsalam

Cairo University

Egypt

Samuel Victor Nuvor

University of cape Coast

Ghana

Behnam Sayanjali

Humboldt University of Berlin

Germany

Layla Omran Elmajdoub

Misurata University

Libya

Keshan Zhang

Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences

China

Jeffrey Pudney

Southampton University

U.k

Saleha Sadeeqa

Lahore College for Women University

Pakistan

Kingsley Ufuoma Tobi

University Of Benin Teaching Hospital

Nigeria

Omer Kilic

Bingol University

Turkey

Sevda Inan

Namik Kemal University

Turkey

Francesca Cortese

University of Bari

Italy

Esmail Mohamed Alhemmali

Misurata University

Libya

Anjali Malik

C.C.S University

India

Halabi Mohamad Adnan

Holy Family University

Lebanon

Sidharth Mehan

PDM University

India

Adekunle Sanyaolu

AMOOF consulting enterprise

Canada

Emad Ahmed Shalaby

Hail University

KSA

George Omoto

KALRO

Kenya

Giampiero Capobianco

Sassari University

Italy

Nadir Musa Khalil Abuzeid

Omdurman Islamic University

Sudan

Changzhou Shao

Fudan University

China

Yi Kou

University of Southern California

USA

Rongxin Zhang

Tianjin Medical University

China

Ashutosh Sharma

Tecnológico de Monterrey (ITESM)

Mexico

Shantha Raju T

Georgetown University Medical Centre

USA

Lachhman Das Singla

Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University

India

Ubaldo Comite

University of Calabria

Italy

Torequl Islam

Federal University of Piauí

Brazil

Nii Korley Kortei

University of Health and Allied Sciences

Ghana

Govindasamy Nagarajan

Southern Regional Research Centre

India

Zhao Chen

University of California

USA

Ashis Kumar Saha

KPC Medical College & Hospital

India

Prakash Bhatt

G B Pant University of Agriculture & Technology

India

Chijioke A Nsofor

University of Nigeria

Nigeria

Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed Abd El-Mawla

Taif University

KSA

Tawfik Abdo Saleh

King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

Saudi Arabia

Ankur Singh Bist

KIET

India

Ashraf Ramadan Hafez Ibraheem

Deraya University

Egypt

Akbar Nikkhah

University of Zanjan

Iran

Tulika Chandra

King George Medical University

India

Bruno Ferreira

Centro Universitário Unifafibe

Brazil

Elijah I Ohimain

Niger Delta University

Nigeria

Bupesh Giridharan

Bharath University

India

Himanshu Bansal

Anupam Hospital

India

Tunira Bhadauria

Feroz Gandhi P G Degree College

India

Dana Muhammad Hamad Ameen

Hawler Medical University

Iraq

Tathagata Bhattacharjee

N.R.S Medical College & Hospital

India

Shamala Devi Sekaran

University of Malaya

Malaysia

Ravi Prakash S M

Subharti University

India

Mbogo George Williams

Burnet Institute

Australia

Ajay Kumar Upadhyay

G B Pant University of Agriculture and Technology

India

Erich Cosmi

University of Padua

Italy

Ng Zhi Xiang

University of Nottingham

Malaysia

Mirela Olympia Fagarasan Palmer

University of South California

USA

Elsayed Ibrahim Elagamy

Qassim University

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Arun Karnwal

Lovely Professional University

India

Ram Kumar Pundir

Ambala College of Engineering and Applied Research

India

Mohan Prasad Singh

University of Allahabad

India

Malpe Surekha Bhat

Xavier university school of medicine

Aruba

Anju Dinkar

Banaras Hindu University

India

James Michael Hardin

Samford University

USA

Cristina Romero Lopez

CSIC

Spain

Abu Bakr El Siddig Ahmed El Tohami

Omdurman Ahlia University

Sudan

Bala Gopalan Unni

Assam down town University

India

George K Paraskevas

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

Greece

Sohail Manzoor

Division Multan

Pakistan

Oleg V Gradov

Russian Academy of Sciences

Russia

Shu Elvis Neba

University of Nigeria

Nigeria

Asya Pencheva Dragoeva Kirilova

Shumen University

Bulgaria

Syed A A Rizvi

Nova Southeastern University

USA

Rajarshi Kumar Gaur

Mody University

India

V Balaji

Bahir Dar University

Ethiopia

Paul H Hartel

Sligo University Hospital

Ireland

Sami Azrak

Al Andalus University for Medical Sciences

Syria

Rula M Darwish

University of Jordan

Jordan

Diea Abo El Hassan

Cairo University

Egypt

Tao Yang

Life Sciences Institute

USA

Marcus Vinicius Nora de Souza

Fiocruz Research Institute

Brazil

Wagdy Rady ElAshmawy ElAshmawy

Cairo University

Egypt

Chikere Anusiem

University of Nigeria

Nigeria

Mohanad Jawad Kadhim Al Dawah

Al Qasim Green University

Iraq

Bechan Sharma

University of Allahabad

India

Francisco Torrens

Universitat de València

Spain

Wafaa Abd El Ghany Abd El Ghany

Cairo University

Egypt

Antonio Simone Lagana

University of Messina

Italy

Shahin Gavanji

WAMS National Council of Iran at World Academy of Medical Sciences (WAMS)

Iran

Ana Rita Ramalho Figueiras

University of Coimbra

Portugal

Rajesh Kumar

G B Pant University of Agriculture & Technology

India

Hugo D Solana

FCV-UNCPBA

Argentina

Joao Rodrigo Gil de los Santos

Federal University of Pelotas

Brazil

Gamil Sayed Gamil Zeedan

National Research center

Egypt

Costas Fourtounas

University of Thessaly

Greece

Esin Aki Yalcin

Ankara University

Turkey

Bin Gong

University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB)

USA

Gyanendra Singh

National Institute of Occupational Health

India

Pradeep S

Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute

India

Arif Ahmed

Columbia Asia Hospital

India

Iskra Ventseslavova Sainova

Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (BAS)

Bulgaria

Jianxiang Chi

The Center for the Study of Haematological Malignancies (CSHM)

Cyprus

Rachel L Roper

East Carolina University

US

Arnold Gegechkori

Tbilisi State University

Georgia

Muhammad Shafique

Government College University Faisalabad

Pakistan

Yujiang Geno Shi

Harvard Medical School

USA

Filiz Kutluyer

Munzur University

Turkey

Rogerio Saint Clair Pimentel Mafra

Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte Hospital

Brazil

John Tiong Jeh Lung

Taylor’s University

Malaysia

Alexsandro Sobreira Galdino

Universidade Federal de São João Del-Rei

Brazil

Gohar Tsakanova

Institute of Molecular Biology NAS RA

Armenia

Dorina Lauritano

University of Milan Bicocca

Italy

Lalitha Vaidyanathan

Sri Ramachandra University

India

Jacqueline Kyosiimire Lugemwa

MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit

Uganda

Min Kyu Kwak

Sungkyul University

Korea

Salvatore Giovanni Vitale

University of Messina

Italy

Eshrat Halim Mohammed

University of Toronto

Canada

Bor Show Tzang

Chung Shan Medical University

Taiwan

Venkatesan Jayaprakash

Birla Institute of Technology

India

Farzad Khademi

Mashhad University

Iran

Naim Deniz Ayaz

Kirikkale University

Turkey

David E Martin

DFH Pharma

USA

Mohd Shahnawaz

CSIR-Indian Institute of Integrative Medicine

India

Christina Voycheva

Medical University of Sofia

Bulgaria

Namrah Aijaz

University of Florida

USA

Lutfun Nahar

Liverpool John Moores University

UK

Jong Taek Jt Kim

University of Florida College of Medicine

United States

Srikumar Chakravarthi

Perdana University

Malaysia

Tinghua Cao

Janssen Research & Development, USA

USA

P Dhasarathan

Prathyusha Engineering College

India

Reza Taherkhani

Bushehr University

Iran

Feng Wang

Stanford University School of Medicine

USA

Ramesh C Gupta

Nagaland University

India

Eugenia Yiannakopoulou

Athens University of Applied Sciences

Greece

Associate Editors

Matthew Eugene Ingle

The Master’s University

United States

Michele Di Mascio

The National Institutes of Health

Bethesda

Jianyong Zhong

Vanderbilt University

USA

Tahir A. Baig

Att-ur-Rehman School of Applied Biosciences

Pakistan

Hira Hameed

Government College University Faisalabad

Pakistan

Simone Brogi

University of Siena

Italy

Aditya P Dandekar

University of Virginia School of Medicine

USA

Jie Jessie Ren

University of Southern California

US

Jose Cruz Mora

Guerrero State University

Mexico

Malik Johid Reza

CHORI

USA

Soledad Lopez Enriquez

Sevilla University

Spain

Shiwei Wang

State Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources

China

Irshad Ahmad

King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals

Saudi Arabia

Ramesh Chandra Rai

ICGEB-EMORY vaccine centre

India

Ajeet K Kaushik

Florida International University

USA

N Gopinathan

Sri Ramachandra University

India

Suraj Wasudeo Nagre

CVTS

India

Onwuka Akachukwu Marytheresa

University of Nigeria

Nigeria

Ankur Gupta

Dr B R Ambedkar University

India

Asif Mohd Iqbal Qureshi

Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir

India

A Preeti

Amity University

India

Ali Moussavi Nik

Gothenburg University

Sweden

Mohamed Nasr Fathi Shaheen

National Research Center

Egypt

Eman Mostafa Hilmy Yousef Meabed

Fayoum University

Egypt

Wen Zhang

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

US

Sameh Shaban Ali Gad

MSA University

Egypt

Isabelle M Lemasson

East Carolina University

USA

Ivy Yau Sui Yu

The Open University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong

Faten Ahmed Mahmoud Mohamed

Fayoum University

Egypt

Amy Leone Mac Neill

Colorado State University

USA

Ana Isabel Faria Alves de Sousa Pinto

University of York

United Kingdom

Mohit Vashishta

International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology

India

Min Liu

Harvard Medical School

USA

Shivani Kachroo

M.D University

India

Tripti Dogra

Institute of Applied Medicine & Research

India

Rakesh S Laishram

Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology

India

Irfan Ahmad Ansari

Integral University

India

Richa Verma

Dayalbagh Educational Institute (Deemed University)

India

Juliano Andreoli Miyake

Federal University of Santa Catarina

Brazil

Vijayakumar T M

SRM University

India

Chandana Mohanty

Nanomedicine Laboratory

India

Deepika Mehta

University of Delhi South Campus

India

Shanzhong Gong

University of Texas at Austin

USA

Sandeep Kumar Mittan

Columbia University

USA

Jyoti Bala

Florida International University

USA

Laura Navika Yamani

Airlangga University

Indonesia

Richa Raghuwanshi

Banaras Hindu University

India

T Rajasekar

Sathyabama University

India

Sara Jorge da Silva Vitorino

University of Coimbra

Portugal

Atul Bhargava

Amity University Uttar Pradesh

India

Lee Ai Wei

Taipei Medical University

Taiwan

Ajay Kumar

University of Michigan

USA

D Jini

Hindustan University

India

Abdelrahman Abdelmoktader Mohammed

Fayoum University

Egypt

Manikant Tripathi

Dr RML Avadh University

India

Prasanna Honnavar

Xavier University School of Medicine

Aruba

Kaushik Kumar Panigrahi

Orrisa University of Agriculture & Technology

India

Yu Hua

University of Macau

China

Shilpi Srivastava

Amity University Uttar Pradesh

India

Monika Mackow

University of Environmental and Life Sciences in Wroclaw

Poland

Subhash Mehto

Institute of Life Sciences

India

Vijay Kumar

Kurukshetra University

India

Sugapriya Dhanasekaran

Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University

Saudi Arabia

Manish Gupta

Smartanalyst India Pvt Ltd

India

Mohammad B Hossain

University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

USA

Shweta

National Institute of Pathology

India

Malti

C.C.S University

India

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