Women's Health Science Journal (WHSJ)

ISSN: 2639-2526

Mini Review

Integrating Mental Health Screening into Antenatal Care

Authors: Kulkarni A*

DOI: 10.23880/whsj-16000185


Pregnancy demands comprehensive care, focusing on mental well-being and physical health. Depression and anxiety are prevalent during pregnancy, potentially impacting the mother and foetus. Early intervention is crucial, as severe prenatal depression can adversely affect foetal neurocognitive development. Additionally, a significant proportion of postpartum depression cases originate in the antenatal period, with stressors intensifying throughout pregnancy. Routine screening offers a sophisticated safety net for both mother and foetus. However, effective implementation requires collaborative efforts among healthcare stakeholders. The Obstetrics and Gynaecological Distress Measurement Scale (OGDMS) is a promising tool for comprehensive early screening for the Indian population. It evaluates distress across psychological, physiological, and environmental domains. The OGDMS facilitates dialogue between practitioners and patients, driving modifications in treatment protocols. Involving attending doctors and caregivers fosters a more engaged and effective therapeutic journey. While promising, further studies are essential to solidify the OGDMS’s impact. Future advancements in screening methods promise even more targeted and timely results, ensuring optimal care for expectant mothers.

Keywords: Prenatal Care; Maternal Mental Health; Obstetric Distress; Mental Health Screening

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