Open Access Journal of Agricultural Research (OAJAR)

ISSN: 2474-8846

Research Article

Enzymatic Responses in Tilapia guineensis Exposed to Sodium Bromide in the Laboratory

Authors: Cookey A* and Kalada I

DOI: 10.23880/oajar-16000332


To evaluate the systemic effect of the chemical on the fish's enzyme profile, changes in the enzyme activities aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), acid phosphatase (ACP), alkaline phosphates (ALP), and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in the plasma of Tilapia guineensis exposed to sodium bromide were found. From T. guineensis juveniles and adults, blood samples were taken and examined. The results of the enzyme study revealed that all of the enzymes under analysis were considerably (P 0.05) higher than the control values. The severity of these changes depended on the concentration and was greater in the exposed fish's juvenile than adult. In conclusion, alterations in plasma enzyme parameters may be caused by target tissue damage and dysfunction brought on by toxicants, and these parameters can be used as quick and accurate indicators of monitoring toward the impact of toxicants on aquatic organisms and ultimately the entire ecosystem.

Keywords: Enzymes; Tilapia; Fish; Toxicity; Biochemistry

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