Diabetes & Obesity International Journal (DOIJ)

ISSN: 2574-7770

Mini Review

Obesity: A Major Factor in Diabetes

Authors: Tahreem H*

DOI: 10.23880/doij-16000284


Obesity is currently recognized as a significant risk factor contributing to the onset of diabetes, presenting a substantial challenge to public health worldwide. This abstract provides a concise overview of the intricate relationship between obesity and diabetes, with a specific focus on the impact of excess body weight on insulin resistance and beta-cell dysfunction. These two mechanisms serve as the primary contributors to the development of diabetes. The abstract delves into the complex interplay between adipose tissue, insulin signaling, and inflammation, elucidating the underlying mechanisms by which obesity exacerbates insulin resistance. Additionally, the role of visceral adiposity, genetic factors, and lifestyle modifications are explored within the context of obesity-related diabetes. The abstract also highlights the adverse health consequences associated with obesity-related diabetes, particularly the heightened risk of cardiovascular disease and other comorbidities. Acknowledging these detrimental effects strengthens the urgency in addressing this widespread issue. Consequently, the abstract briefly outlines the various effective management strategies available to combat obesity-related diabetes, including weight loss interventions, pharmacotherapy, and bariatric surgery. In conclusion, the abstract underscores the necessity of adopting a comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach in tackling both obesity and diabetes. Prevention measures are emphasized as a crucial component in alleviating the burden posed by these two interrelated health conditions. By implementing proactive strategies, it is possible to mitigate the escalating prevalence of obesity-related diabetes and enhance public health outcomes.

Keywords: Obesity; Diabetes; Insulin Resistance; Beta-Cell Dysfunction; Adipose Tissue; Insulin Signaling; Cardiovascular Disease; Prevention; GLP-1 Receptor; SGLT-2 Inhibitors

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