Open Access Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology (OAJMB)

ISSN: 2576-7771

Review Article

Exploring the Versatility and Potential of Microbial Cellulose: Applications, Producers, and Sustainable Production Methods

Authors: Sarvananda L*, Madhurangi BLNK, Arosha KPL, Palihaderu PADS and Premarathna AD

DOI: 10.23880/oajmb-16000301

Abstract

Microbial cellulose (MC) is a versatile biomaterial synthesized by various microorganisms, possessing unique properties such as high tensile strength, biocompatibility, and biodegradability. These characteristics make MC suitable for applications in biomedical, food, and packaging industries. Traditionally, Acetobacter aceti has been the primary source for MC production, but recent research has identified other potential microbial producers such as Komagataeibacter xylinus, Sarcina ventriculi, and Rhizobium sp., which offer efficient cellulose synthesis. This study reviews the diverse applications of MC, including wound dressings, edible films, and composites, and discusses cost-effective substrates like sugarcane molasses and fruit waste used in MC production. The paper highlights the importance of sustainable and scalable production methods, exploring the impact of different substrates and environmental conditions on MC yield. Through understanding these factors, the potential for MCbased materials in various industries can be fully realized, promoting environmental sustainability and innovation in material science.

Keywords: Biomaterials; Cost-effective Substrates; Microbial Cellulose; Sustainable Production

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