Journal of Quality in Health Care & Economics (JQHE)

ISSN: 2642-6250

Research Article

Trends and Causes of Increasing Child Anaemia: Secondary Analysis of NFHS 5 Data- India

Authors: Sengupta Atanu, Ghosh Abhijit* and Mishra Abhijit

DOI: 10.23880/jqhe-16000394


National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data of 2019-2020 indicates that prevalence of anaemia among children aged 6-59 months is 67.1%, while among women aged 15-49 years, it is 57%. These figures highlight the significant burden of anaemia in India. This number has increased from 2015-16 to 2019-21. The cause of anaemia can be attributed to two main factors: autonomous factors and induced factors. Furthermore, there are considerable regional disparities in child anaemia within India. The southern part of the country exhibits a lower prevalence of malnutrition in comparison to the northern part. The statistical analysis of 707 districts of India reveals that child malnutrition is influenced by socio-economic, nutritional, and health-related factors. The incidence of anaemia can be passed on to her offspring. While certain socio-economic factors may overlap in both cases, the underlying causes of anaemia differ significantly. This paper provides a comprehensive review of anaemia of children and mothers, covering prevalence, causes, consequences, diagnosis, management, and challenges in prevention. The result suggests for district level policy and targeted interventions to address this critical public health issue.

Keywords: Child anaemia; Micronutrient; BMI (Body Mass Index); India; NFHS

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