Virology & Immunology Journal (VIJ)

Editors

Roger M Loria

Virginia Commonwealth University

United States

Eugene A Permyakov

Institute for Biological Instrumentation of the Russian Academy of Sciences

Russia

Venkata Raghavendra Rao Morusupalli

Avalon University school of Medicine

Curacao

Sadeq Hasan Mousa AL Shimaysawee

University of Kufa

Iraq

Sami Azrak

Al Andalus University for Medical Sciences

Syria

Eugene A Silow

Irkutsk State University

Russia

Alfio Ferlito

Udine University Faculty of Medicine

Italy

Syed A A Rizvi

Nova Southeastern University

USA

Rula M Darwish

University of Jordan

Jordan

Layla Omran Elmajdoub

Misurata University

Libya

Christina Voycheva

Medical University of Sofia

Bulgaria

Mooahamd Ropaning Sulong

Universiti Selangor

Malaysia

Shinya Shimada

Kumamoto General Hospital

Japan

Ying Fu Chen

Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital

Taiwan

Naim Deniz Ayaz

Kirikkale University

Turkey

Samuel Victor Nuvor

University of cape Coast

Ghana

Ahmed Sayed Abdel Moneim

Taif University

Saudi Arabia

Tarun Kumar De

University of Calcutta

India

Vural Fidan

Yunus Emre Government Hospital

Turkey

Behnam Sayanjali

Humboldt University of Berlin

Germany

Ubaldo Comite

University of Calabria

Italy

Mohd Nazil Salleh

Universiti Selangor

Malaysia

Lucia Tri Suwanti

Airlangga University

Indonesia

Namrah Aijaz

University of Florida

USA

Dumrul Gulen

Namik Kemal University School of Medicine

Turkey

Shamala Devi Sekaran

University of Malaya

Malaysia

Jianxiang Chi

The Center for the Study of Haematological Malignancies (CSHM)

Cyprus

Tunira Bhadauria

Feroz Gandhi P G Degree College

India

Diea Abo El Hassan

Cairo University

Egypt

Elijah I Ohimain

Niger Delta University

Nigeria

Liping Li

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

USA

Raad Abdulabass Hamza Al Harmoosh

University of kufa

Iraq

Mustafa Metin Donma

Namik Kemal University

Turkey

Rebekah Juniati Setiabudi

Airlangga University

Indonesia

Changzhou Shao

Fudan University

China

Mohanad Jawad Kadhim Al Dawah

Al Qasim Green University

Iraq

Peter L Nara

Biological Mimetics Maryland

USA

Ram Kumar Pundir

Ambala College of Engineering and Applied Research

India

Saleha Sadeeqa

Lahore College for Women University

Pakistan

Ajay Kumar Upadhyay

G B Pant University of Agriculture and Technology

India

Bo Jin

The 309th Hospital of the People's Liberation Army

China

Govindasamy Nagarajan

Southern Regional Research Centre

India

Hung Jen Liu

National Chung Hsing University

Taiwan

Bechan Sharma

University of Allahabad

India

Gohar Tsakanova

Institute of Molecular Biology NAS RA

Armenia

Giampiero Capobianco

Sassari University

Italy

Kirill Sharshov

Russian Academy of Sciences

Russia

Sidharth Mehan

PDM University

India

Dorina Lauritano

University of Milan Bicocca

Italy

Erich Cosmi

University of Padua

Italy

Prakash Bhatt

G B Pant University of Agriculture & Technology

India

Girja Shanker Shukla

University of Vermont

US

Khue Vu Nguyen

University of California

USA

Francisco Torrens

Universitat de València

Spain

Wafaa Abd El Ghany Abd El Ghany

Cairo University

Egypt

Mumtesh Kumar Saxena

G B Pant University of Agriculture & Technology

India

Omer Kilic

Bingol University

Turkey

Mirela Olympia Fagarasan Palmer

University of South California

USA

Jacqueline Kyosiimire Lugemwa

MRC/UVRI Uganda Research Unit

Uganda

Antonio Simone Lagana

University of Messina

Italy

Salvatore Giovanni Vitale

University of Messina

Italy

Zhao Chen

University of California

USA

David E Martin

DFH Pharma

USA

Michael C Hanna

University of Texas at San Antonio

USA

Yi Kou

University of Southern California

USA

Ana Rita Ramalho Figueiras

University of Coimbra

Portugal

Aneela Javed

National University of Sciences and Technology

Pakistan

Rajesh Kumar

G B Pant University of Agriculture & Technology

India

Bor Show Tzang

Chung Shan Medical University

Taiwan

Lutfun Nahar

Liverpool John Moores University

UK

Sohail Manzoor

Division Multan

Pakistan

Zheng Yu Wang

UAB-School of Medicine

USA

Tawfik Abdo Saleh

King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals

Saudi Arabia

Hugo D Solana

FCV-UNCPBA

Argentina

Anjali Malik

C.C.S University

India

Wagdy Rady ElAshmawy ElAshmawy

Cairo University

Egypt

Joao Rodrigo Gil de los Santos

Federal University of Pelotas

Brazil

Hsu Shan Huang

Taipei Medical University

Taiwan

Suresh K Mittal

Purdue University

USA

Mohan Prasad Singh

University of Allahabad

India

Ugo Rovigatti

University of Florence

Italy

Alireza Heidari

California South University

USA

Elsayed Ibrahim Elagamy

Qassim University

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

James Michael Hardin

Samford University

USA

Magdalena Valsikova

Slovak University of Agriculrure in Nitra

Slovakia

Ahmed Mohamed Ahmed Abd El-Mawla

Taif University

KSA

Mohammed Alhadi Ebrahiem Mahmoud Altahir

University of Kordofan

Sudan

Arif Ahmed

Columbia Asia Hospital

India

Costas Fourtounas

University of Thessaly

Greece

Srikumar Chakravarthi

Perdana University

Malaysia

Malpe Surekha Bhat

Xavier university school of medicine

Aruba

Miao Xiangyang

Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences

China

Min Kyu Kwak

Sungkyul University

Korea

Akbar Nikkhah

University of Zanjan

Iran

Nicolic Dragan M

University of Belgrade

Serbia

Mamdouh Mohamed Mansour El Bahnasawy

Military Medical Academy

Egypt

Esin Aki Yalcin

Ankara University

Turkey

Nicolas Padilla Raygoza

University of Guanajuato

Mexico

Venkatesan Jayaprakash

Birla Institute of Technology

India

Adekunle Sanyaolu

AMOOF consulting enterprise

Canada

Sudhakar Voruganti

Bristol Myers Squibb

USA

Ankur Singh Bist

KIET

India

Ritah Nakayinga

Kyambogo University

Uganda

Ashraf Ramadan Hafez Ibraheem

Deraya University

Egypt

Bala Gopalan Unni

Assam down town University

India

Francesca Cortese

University of Bari

Italy

P Dhasarathan

Prathyusha Engineering College

India

Rogerio Saint Clair Pimentel Mafra

Santa Casa de Belo Horizonte Hospital

Brazil

Torequl Islam

Federal University of Piauí

Brazil

David Nadeba Bukbuk

University of Maiduguri

Nigeria

Shu Elvis Neba

University of Nigeria

Nigeria

Nii Korley Kortei

University of Health and Allied Sciences

Ghana

Bruno Ferreira

Centro Universitário Unifafibe

Brazil

Ashis Kumar Saha

KPC Medical College & Hospital

India

Layla Y Kamareddine

Harvard Medical School

USA

Bin Gong

University of Texas Medical Branch (UTMB)

USA

A Jeyasankar

Govt Arts College

India

Changtai Zhu

Shanghai Sixth People’s Hospital

China

Gyanendra Singh

National Institute of Occupational Health

India

Shantha Raju T

Georgetown University Medical Centre

USA

Emad Ahmed Shalaby

Hail University

KSA

Dana Muhammad Hamad Ameen

Hawler Medical University

Iraq

Himanshu Bansal

Anupam Hospital

India

Ng Zhi Xiang

University of Nottingham

Malaysia

Tao Yang

Life Sciences Institute

USA

Iskra Ventseslavova Sainova

Medical University

Bulgaria

Paul H Hartel

Sligo University Hospital

Ireland

Yusuf Tutar

University of Health Sciences

Turkey

Filiz Kutluyer

Munzur University

Turkey

Noah Isakov

Ben Gurion University of the Negev

Israel

Dragomir Lukac

John Naisbitt University Belgrade

Serbia

Eshrat Halim Mohammed

University of Toronto

Canada

Foluso Oluwagbemiga Osunsanmi

University of Zululand

South Africa

Rongxin Zhang

Tianjin Medical University

China

Pradeep S

Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute

India

Kingsley Ufuoma Tobi

University Of Benin Teaching Hospital

Nigeria

Wanhong Liu

Wuhan University

china

Cristina Romero Lopez

CSIC

Spain

Celso Vladimiro Ferreira de Abreu Cunha

Nova University

Portugal

Chikere Anusiem

University of Nigeria

Nigeria

Eliton da Silva Vasconcelos

Federal University of São Carlos

Brazil

Arun Karnwal

Lovely Professional University

India

Lachhman Das Singla

Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University

India

Feng Wang

Stanford University School of Medicine

USA

George K Paraskevas

Aristotle University of Thessaloniki

Greece

Rehmat Shah

Government Moulvi Ameer Shah Memorial Hospital

Pakistan

Muhammad Shafique

Government College University Faisalabad

Pakistan

Adiratna Mat Ripen

Institute for Medical Research

Malaysia

Ramesh C Gupta

Nagaland University

India

Ilker Ates

Ankara University

Turkey

Rajarshi Kumar Gaur

Mody University

India

Eugenia Yiannakopoulou

Athens University of Applied Sciences

Greece

M Serdal Sevinc

Healthy Environment and Consumer Safety Bureau

Canada

Ngin Cin Khai

Monash University

Malaysia

Jong Taek Jt Kim

University of Florida College of Medicine

United States

Lalitha Vaidyanathan

Sri Ramachandra University

India

Pramod Kumar Yadava

Jawaharlal Nehru University

India

Rachel L Roper

East Carolina University

US

Mohamed Abdelsalam

Cairo University

Egypt

Jiangwen Zhang

University of Hong Kong

china

John Tiong Jeh Lung

Taylor’s University

Malaysia

Alaa Eldin Abdel Mouty Mohamed Eissa

Cairo University

Egypt

Nafees Ahmad

Arizona Health Sciences Center

USA

Ronald B Moss

Ansun Biopharma

USA

Brian Wigdahl

Drexel University

USA

Tinghua Cao

Janssen Research & Development, USA

USA

Jeffrey Pudney

Southampton University

U.k

Oner ozdemir

Sakarya University

Turkey

Jay Kalra

University of Saskatchewan

Canada

Ghalib Alkhatib

McGill University

Canada

Bupesh Giridharan

Bharath University

India

Farzad Khademi

Mashhad University

Iran

Fatemeh Farshadpour

Bushehr University

Iran

Reza Taherkhani

Bushehr University

Iran

Associate Editors

Matthew Eugene Ingle

The Master’s University

United States

Juliano Andreoli Miyake

Federal University of Santa Catarina

Brazil

Sugapriya Dhanasekaran

Prince Sattam bin Abdulaziz University

Saudi Arabia

Kanchan Phadwal

University of Edinburgh

UK

Michele Di Mascio

The National Institutes of Health

Bethesda

Richa Raghuwanshi

Banaras Hindu University

India

Simone Brogi

University of Siena

Italy

Mohamed Nasr Fathi Shaheen

National Research Center

Egypt

Suraj Wasudeo Nagre

CVTS

India

Onwuka Akachukwu Marytheresa

University of Nigeria

Nigeria

Atul Bhargava

Amity University Uttar Pradesh

India

Asif Mohd Iqbal Qureshi

Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir

India

Aditya P Dandekar

University of Virginia School of Medicine

USA

Lee Ai Wei

Taipei Medical University

Taiwan

Wen Zhang

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai

US

Abdelrahman Abdelmoktader Mohammed

Fayoum University

Egypt

Manikant Tripathi

Dr RML Avadh University

India

Sameh Shaban Ali Gad

MSA University

Egypt

Ivy Yau Sui Yu

The Open University of Hong Kong

Hong Kong

Faten Ahmed Mahmoud Mohamed

Fayoum University

Egypt

Amy Leone Mac Neill

Colorado State University

USA

Eman Mostafa Hilmy Yousef Meabed

Fayoum University

Egypt

Ana Isabel Faria Alves de Sousa Pinto

University of York

United Kingdom

Tahir A. Baig

Att-ur-Rehman School of Applied Biosciences

Pakistan

Isabelle M Lemasson

East Carolina University

USA

Min Liu

Harvard Medical School

USA

Tripti Dogra

Institute of Applied Medicine & Research

India

Irfan Ahmad Ansari

Integral University

India

Chandana Mohanty

Nanomedicine Laboratory

India

Shanzhong Gong

University of Texas at Austin

USA

Sandeep Kumar Mittan

Columbia University

USA

Jyoti Bala

Florida International University

USA

Laura Navika Yamani

Airlangga University

Indonesia

T Rajasekar

Sathyabama University

India

Sara Jorge da Silva Vitorino

University of Coimbra

Portugal

Ajay Kumar

University of Michigan

USA

D Jini

Hindustan University

India

Prasanna Honnavar

Xavier University School of Medicine

India

Kaushik Kumar Panigrahi

Orrisa University of Agriculture & Technology

India

Yu Hua

University of Macau

China

Shilpi Srivastava

Amity University Uttar Pradesh

India

Monika Mackow

University of Environmental and Life Sciences in Wroclaw

Poland

Subhash Mehto

Institute of Life Sciences

India

Vijay Kumar

Kurukshetra University

India

Manish Gupta

Smartanalyst India Pvt Ltd

India

Mohammad B Hossain

University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center

USA

Shweta

National Institute of Pathology

India

Malti

C.C.S University

India

Soledad Lopez Enriquez

Sevilla University

Spain

Shiwei Wang

State Key Laboratory of Microbial Resources

China

Irshad Ahmad

King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals

Saudi Arabia

Ramesh Chandra Rai

ICGEB-EMORY vaccine centre

India

Ajeet K Kaushik

Florida International University

USA

N Gopinathan

Sri Ramachandra University

India

Ankur Gupta

Dr B R Ambedkar University

India

A Preeti

Amity University

India

Mohit Vashishta

International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology

India

Shivani Kachroo

M.D University

India

Rakesh S Laishram

Rajiv Gandhi Centre for Biotechnology

India

Richa Verma

Dayalbagh Educational Institute (Deemed University)

India

Vijayakumar T M

SRM University

India

Deepika Mehta

University of Delhi South Campus

India

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